What is the Lottery?
The lottery is a form of gambling in which numbers or symbols are drawn at random for prizes. Some governments outlaw it while others endorse it to the extent of organizing a national or state lottery. The most common forms of lotteries involve sports and financial events. In the former, people enter a lottery to win a particular prize, such as units in a subsidized housing project or kindergarten placements at a reputable school. In the latter, people pay a small amount of money (usually $1) for a chance to win a large sum of money.
In her story The Lottery, Shirley Jackson criticized blind obedience to outdated traditions and rituals. Many of the villagers in her story did not even know why they were holding the lottery. They merely followed the practice because they thought it would bring them good luck. This shows that it is important for society to be able to stand up against authority and challenge outdated practices.
Another theme in the story is gender roles. The person organizing the lottery is a round-faced, jovial man. He seems to be enjoying himself, despite the fact that he will cause someone’s death. This is an example of irony that increases the impact of the story’s horror.
In modern lottery games, the chances of winning a prize are extremely low. However, many people still play for a variety of reasons. These include the belief that they will improve their financial situation if they win, and the idea that they are doing a service for their communities by raising money for the state. Those who believe in these beliefs are likely to be lower-income, less educated, and nonwhite.